Did History End in « Ulaanbaatar » ?

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Did History End in « Ulaanbaatar » ?


Government building and Sühbataar’s mausoleum (Author: Tuxnduke . Source: commons.wikimedia)

Ulaanbaatar, is the capital of Mongolia.
The city, which stretches from east to west at the bottom of the valley of the Toula river, over some twenty kilometers, brings together more than a million inhabitants (more than a third of the country’s population). Life in Ulan Bator has been turned upside down by the influx of nomads from the steppe.

Choijin-lama ( Author: Julien . Source: flickr)
( Author: Julien . Source: flickr)

In 1639, Zanabazar, king of Mongolia, founded in the present province of Övörhangay a nomadic monastery called Da-Khüriye (large encampment organized in a circle) around the yurt of a chief. This building was destroyed at the beginning of the 18th century by the Dzoungars, it was rebuilt and changed places sixteen times between 1719 and 1778. Finally, it settled near the Toula river, north of Bogd Uul, the « sacred mountain ». Permanent residence of Jebtsundamba Khutuktu, it became the nucleus of a city known as « Ourga ».

National Academic Drama Theater.Ulaanbaatar Opera House. (Author: PIERRE ANDRE LECLERCQ . Source: commons.wikimedia)
Statue of Genghis Khan (Born between 1155 and 1162, died August 18, 1227) [2 photos author: Julien . Source: flickr]

Under Manchu rule, Ourga, located on the tea route between China and Russia, in the 19th century became an important administrative and commercial center. Mongolia proclaimed its autonomy in 1911 and the city became the capital of a Buddhist regime whose Bogdo gegen was the monarch with the title of Bogdo Khan

Statue of Ogodei (1186 – 1241), son of Genghis Khan [Author: Antoine 49 . Source: flickr]
Ceremonial concert for 800th birth anniversary of Khubilai the Wise King (Author:
Zazaa Mongolia . Source: commons.wikimedia)
Naadam ceremony (a national holiday which today celebrates the country’s independence from China in Mongolia. It takes place every year on July 11 and 12) [Author: Vidor . Source: commons.wikimedia]


Title photo: Ulan-Bator Panorama (Author: François Philipp . Source: flickr)




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