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Accumulation of civilizations in the cities of Andalusia (South of Spain)

Alcázar of Seville ( Author: Gary Campbell-Hall. Source: flickr)
Alcázar of Seville ( Author: USA-Reiseblogger . Source: pixabay)

The Alcazar of Seville (means in Arabic: Palace. Word inherited by the Spanish language) is a fortified palace built in Seville by the Umayyad Arabs since the year 720.
In 1248, the Alcazar was converted into the royal residence of King Ferdinand III of Spain. It was modified several times, from 1364 (by Peter I of Castile) until the beginning of the 20th century (with the development of the Jardín del Retiro). Until recently, the Spanish royal family used an Alcazar floor.

Alhambra in Granada (Author: Sharon Mollerus . Source: flickr)
Alhambra in Granada (Author: Maatkare . Source: pixabay)
Alhambra in Granada (Author: Rob Hodgki. Source: flickr)

The Alhambra (Arabic: red) is a fortified complex that controls the plain and the city of Granada. It is one of the main characteristics of Arab and Islamic architecture in Spain.
The founder of the Nasrid dynasty, Muhammad al-Ahmar, who entered Granada in 1238, is the founder of the site. His son Muhammad II strengthened it, then his successors enlarged it after him.
After the fall of Granada in 1492, the Catholic kings took an interest in this palace and made it a royal residence.
After being neglected for a long time, it gained the attention of authorities – as a national heritage – after the Spanish Civil War.

Baroque architecture in plaza de españa of Seville (Author: campunet . Source: pixabay)
Baroque architecture in plaza de españa of Seville (Author: skeeze . Source: pixabay)
Baroque architecture in plaza de españa of Seville (Author: jaime.silva. Source: flickr)
Baroque architecture in plaza de españa of Seville (Author: John6536. Source: flickr)

Plaza de españa:The start of the construction of this square in 1914 was under the direction of the local architect Aníbal González, for the Ibero-American Exhibition of 1929. In 1926, the construction was taken over by Pedro Sánchez Núñez under the orders of Vicente Traver, replacing González as responsible architect.
A single building runs along the entire rounded side of the square, with a canal that runs through the rounded square. In the center is a fountain (created in 1927).
The palace is built of brick, marble and decorated with painted ceramics. Its style is a neo-Renaissance (19th S), Gothic (12th-14th S) and Mudejar (12th – 16th S) mixture.

Title photo: Alcazaba of Málaga and Roman Theater (Author: Emilio J. Rodríguez Posada . Source: commons.wikimedia)

The Alcazaba of Malaga (in Arabic: Fortress) was built on the ruins of a Roman fort, around the 11th century during the reign of Badis Ibn Habous. After the conquest of Malaga by the Catholics in 1487, many kings of Spain lived there.

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