“Stay of peace and joy” (1900) by Victor Prouvé



ART NOUVEAU (Modern style)

Art Nouveau or Modern style is an artistic movement, born in reaction against the drifts of industrialization and against the exaggerated reproductions of old styles, at the end of the 19th century.
It is a movement which had touched all the artistic fields quickly, and had known, at the beginning of the 20th century, an international development: (In England, in France, in the United States, in Spain, in Germany, in Austria, in Netherlands, Italy, Switzerland, Russia ..).

“Portrait of Albert Paris von Gütersloh” (1918) by Egon Schiele ( Image source: commons.wikimedia )

Art Nouveau, which is based on the aesthetics of curved lines, is characterized by inventiveness, the presence of rhythms, the freedom of forms, the power of color, the ornamentations inspired by the elements of nature (vegetations, animals..). It is also a total art in the sense that it occupies all the space available to set up a personal universe considered favorable to the development of modern man.
Art Nouveau had strongly affected painting, architecture and drawing, and also sculpture, jewelry, glassware, furniture.

“Britomart” (1900) by Walter Crane ( Image source: commons.wikimedia )

We can consider that Art Nouveau began with Augustus Pugin (England, 1812-1852), structured with John Ruskin (England, 1819-1900).
Among the famous painters of this style, there are: Walter Crane (British, 1845-1915), Victor Prouvé (France, 1858-1943), John Ruskin (England,1819-1900), Koloman Moser (Austria, 1868-1918), Jules Chéret (France, 1836-1932), Egon Schiele
(Austria, 1890-1918), Georges de Feure (France, 1868-1943), André Evard (Switzerland, 1876-1972), Jan Toorop (Netherlands, 1858-1928), Gustav Klimt, (Australia, 1862- 1918).

“Freiburg suisse” (1859) by John Ruskin ( Image source: commons.wikimedia )
House of Bones [La Casa Batlló, a building located in Passeig de Gràcia, in the Eixample district of Barcelona, Spain. It was built in 1877, then restored, in Art Nouveau style, by the two architects Antoni Gaudí and Josep Maria Jujol, in the years 1905-1907] ( Image source: flickr / vgm8383)

Image of title, source: fr.wikipedia.org

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