Barbizon school in the history of Art

Spring Landscapeby Charles-François Daubigny  (1817–1878) (Photo source: commons.wikimedia )

Great painting artists

Barbizon school

Fontainebleau forest, cluster of large trees overlooking the plain of Clair-Bois on the edge of Bas-Bréau by Théodore Rousseau (1812-1867)


The Barbizon School (1) refers to a group of landscape painters established around Barbizon, who wanted to work “outdoors and after nature” in the forest of Fontainebleau (2).
They are landscape-realists who paint the forest in the open air. Their pictorial impetus took shape from the 1820s, in the course of the pre-impressionists.
Artists from the Barbizon school joined in reaction to emerging industrialization and urban pollution. The return to nature appears obvious, the tranquility of contemplation taking over the hustle and bustle of the city.

Road through fieldsby Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot (1796-1875)

Photo author: G. Starke . Source: flickr

The Bathers (Clearing in the Forest)by Constant Troyon  (1810–1865) ( Photo source: commons.wikimedia )
Oak Trees and Pond by Jules Dupré (1811-1889) ( Photo author: JR P . Source: flickr )

(1) Barbizon: is a French commune located in the Seine-et-Marne department in the Île-de-France region

(2) Fontainebleau: name of a French town located in the Ile-de-France, where the castle of Fontainebleau is also located, surrounded by the forest of Fontainebleau.

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